Project X-Ray
Project X-Ray

# LiteX minitest

This folder contains minitest for various Litex configurations and target platforms. It is divided into two directories that differ in the CPU configuration.

  • min - Minimal configuration - just a CPU + uart targeting Arty and Basys3 boards. The firmware is compiled into the bitstream i.e. the ROM and SRAM memories are instantiated and initialized on the FPGA (no DDR RAM controller).

  • base - Linux capable SoC configuration with DDR and Ethernet targeting the Arty.

## Synthesis+implementation

For each variant and platform there are two variants: for Vivado only flow and for Yosys+Vivado flow. In order to run one of them enter the specific directory and run make. Once the bitstream is generated and loaded to the board, we should see the test result on the terminal connected to one of the serial ports.

## HDL code generation

The following instructions are for generation of the HDL code

## 1. Install Litex

  • Create an empty directory and clone there the following repos. Be sure to checkout the specific SHA given.

<pre><code>| Repo URL | SHA | | — | — | | &lt;https://github.com/antmicro/litex&gt; | 60f2853e | | &lt;https://github.com/enjoy-digital/litedram&gt; | 7fbe0b7 | | &lt;https://github.com/enjoy-digital/liteeth&gt; | 2424e62 | | &lt;https://github.com/m-labs/migen&gt; | 562c046 | </code></pre>

  • If you do not want to install LiteX and Migen in your system, setup the Python virtualenv and activate it in the following way:

` virtualenv litex-env source litex-env/bin/activate `

  • Install LiteX and Migen packages from the previously cloned repos.

    Run the following command in each repo subdirectory:

` ./setup.py develop `

  • (optional) Hack LiteX HDL generation script to make it think that you have RISC-V toolchain installed (if you don’t want to build and install it).

    • Open the file litex/litex/soc/integration/cpu_interface.py in your favorite editor.

    • Navigate to the line 53.

    • Replace it with (“TRIPLE”, “riscv32-unknown-elf”)

    This will allow you to generate the HDL code without bothering for compilation of the software.

## 2. Install RISC-V toolchain

If you don’t want to compile the software for the generated LiteX design then you may skip toolchain installation and just hack the LiteX to think that you have it. To do so follow instuctions in the previous point.

  • Clone the repo

` git clone https://github.com/crosstool-ng/crosstool-ng cd crosstool-ng git checkout afaf7b9a `

  • Create a file named ct.config and put the following content into it:

` CT_CONFIG_VERSION="3" CT_EXPERIMENTAL=y CT_LOCAL_TARBALLS_DIR="${CT_TOP_DIR}/../dl" CT_PREFIX_DIR="${CT_TOP_DIR}/${CT_TARGET}" # CT_PREFIX_DIR_RO is not set CT_ARCH_RISCV=y CT_ARCH_ARCH="rv32im" CT_ARCH_ABI="ilp32" CT_TARGET_VENDOR="" CT_LIBC_NONE=y # CT_CC_GCC_LDBL_128 is not set CT_DEBUG_GDB=y # CT_GDB_CROSS_PYTHON is not set CT_ALLOW_BUILD_AS_ROOT=y CT_ALLOW_BUILD_AS_ROOT_SURE=y `

  • Build the toolchain. Issue the following commands:

` export DEFCONFIG=`realpath ct.config` ./bootstrap ./configure --enable-local make -j`nproc` ./ct-ng defconfig ./ct-ng build.`nproc` `

## 3. Generate the HDL code

If you have built the RISC-V toolchain then make the PATH point to its binaries:

` export PATH="crosstool-ng/riscv32-unknown-elf/bin:$(PATH)" `

The following command will generate HDL code for the LiteX SoC with DRAM and Ethernet support for the Arty board target:

` cd litex/litex/boards/targets ./arty.py --cpu-type vexriscv --cpu-variant linux --with-ethernet --no-compile-software --no-compile-gateware `

You can choose which synthesis tool generate the design for. This can be done via the additional –synth-mode option of the arty.py script. The default is vivado but you can change it and specify yosys.

Generated code will be placed in the litex/litex/boards/targets/soc_ethernetsoc_arty folder.